Mapping symptoms, circuits and treatment outcomes -- Development of a personalized clinical imaging system and its initial validation in depression and anxiety


The lack of biomarkers to inform antidepressant selection is a key challenge in personalized depression treatment. This work identifies candidate biomarkers by building deep learning predictors of individual treatment outcomes using reward processing measures from functional magnetic resonance imaging, clinical assessments, and demographics. Participants in the EMBARC (Establishing Moderators and Biosignatures of Antidepressant Response in Clinical Care) study (n = 222) underwent reward processing task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging at baseline and were randomized to 8 weeks of sertraline (n = 106) or placebo (n = 116). Subsequently, sertraline nonresponders (n = 37) switched to 8 weeks of bupropion. The change in Hamilton Depression Rating Scale was measured after treatment. Reward processing, clinical measurements, and demographics were used to train treatment-specific deep learning models. These findings demonstrate the utility of reward processing measurements and deep learning to predict antidepressant outcomes and to form multimodal treatment biomarkers.

Mar 8, 2022 3:00 PM
Online (requires registration)

Professor Albert Montillo (The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center) will present as part of the University of Oxford Department of Psychiatry’s Artificial Intelligence for Mental Health

Please contact Andrey Kormilitzin to register and recieve a link to the seminar.

Andrey Kormilitzin
Andrey Kormilitzin
Senior Researcher

My research is centred around translating advances in mathematics, statistical machine learning and deep learning to address challenges involved in learning, inference and ethical decision making using complex biomedical and health data.